By Max Planck
The booklet is a compilation of Max Planck's essays according to an unique German assortment from 1922, released as 'Physikalische rundblicke. Gesammelte reden und aufsätze'.
The first variation of the English model was once initially released in 1925 as 'A Survey of Physics', and reprinted by way of Dover when you consider that 1960 below the name 'A Survey of actual Theory'. The version on which the resource experiment relies isn't dated, and next to 1960.
The ebook is a part of a five volumes [UL] 'series' of Max Planck's essays at the philosophy of physics to be had in English on P2P venues. In approximate chronological order, the 'series' contains of:
1. ahead of 1922: A Survey of actual conception [orig Ger. ed. 1922; 1st En. ed. 1925; used ed. repr. 1960 or later n.d.]
File: Planck Philosophical Essays in English P2P customized ed. Vol. 1. prior to 1922 [A Survey of actual Theory][UL]
2. Later than 1922, in advance of 1933: The Philosophy of Physics [orig. Ger. ed. 1933; 1st En. ed. 1936; used ed. repr. 1963]
File: Planck Philosophical Essays in English P2P customized ed. Vol. 2. Later than 1922, previous to 1933 [The Philosophy of Physics][UL]
3. 1926, 1929: The Universe within the mild of contemporary Physics [orig. Ger. ed. 1926, 1929; 1st En. ed. & used ed. 1931]
File: Planck Philosophical Essays in English P2P customized ed. Vol. three. 1926, 1929 [The Universe within the mild of recent Physics][UL]
4. in advance of 1932: the place Is technology Going? [orig. Ger. ed. undetermined; 1st En. ed. & used ed. 1932]
File: Planck Philosophical Essays in English P2P customized ed. Vol. four. prior to 1932 [Where Is technology Going][UL]
5. 1947, 1948: medical Autobiography And different Papers [orig. Ger. eds. 1947, 1949; 1st En ed. 1950; used ed. n.d.]
File: Planck Philosophical Essays in English P2P customized ed. Vol. five. 1947, 1949 [Scientific Autobiography And different Papers][UL]
A single-file model of all five books (filename "Planck's Philosophical Essays in English P2P customized ed. Vols. 1-5 [1908-1948][UL]") is offered basically as html.
The volumes of this 'series' are all to be had on Library Genesis in html, epub and pdf. For ease of identity, the 'edition' box is marked 'Planck Philosophical Essays in English P2P customized Ed Vx [UL]'.
For information, see the 'About' component to the respective epub or html records (for pdfs, 'Properties' for an abridged information).
Read Online or Download A Survey of Physical Theory [a.k.a. A Survey of Physics] PDF
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Additional info for A Survey of Physical Theory [a.k.a. A Survey of Physics]
O n the other hand, certain thinkers with sceptical minds doubted the fundamental character of such a formulation of the question and considered the mechanical view of Nature to be too narrow to embrace the whole range of natural phenomena. It cannot be said that either of the two opposed schools has obtained a decisive advantage. In these days, for the first time there seems to be a prospect of a final decision, as the result of a far-reaching movement affecting the whole of theoretical physics— a movement of such a radical and revolutionary nature that its effect is felt far outside the range of pure physics in the allied sciences of chemistry and astronomy, and even penetrates into psychology.
It needed the comprehensive analysis and the inflexible optimism of a Ludwig Boltzmann not only to reconcile the atomic theory with the second law of thermo-dynamics, but also to explain for the first time the fundamental basis of the second law by means of the atomic theory. All these difficult questions were easily settled, or rather they did not exist for the adherents of pure thermo dynamics, who did not recognize the necessity of reducing thermal and chemical energy to mechanical, but accepted the assumption that energy could take different forms—a circum stance which caused Boltzmann to remark that the kinetic theory of gases seemed to him to be going out of fashion.
This was advocated from the beginning by Julius Robert Mayer, the discoverer of the mechanical equivalent of heat. It was the development of the kinetic theory of gases that gave the special stimulus to the mechanical conception of Nature. This, most providentially, coincided with the direction along which chemical research had progressed. There, from a study of the differences between molecules and atoms, Avogadro’s Law was obtained (as was also the most useful definition of a mole cule of a gas), and this law was deduced directly from the kinetic theory of gases, provided that the kinetic energy of the molecule in motion was taken as the measure of the temperature.