Download After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in by Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann PDF

By Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann

"After the Nazi Racial nation deals a entire, persuasive, and bold argument in want of creating 'race' a extra critical analytical classification for the writing of post-1945 historical past. this can be a very vital venture, and the quantity certainly has the capability to reshape the sphere of post-1945 German history."---Frank Biess, collage of California, San DiegoWhat occurred to "race," race pondering, and racial differences in Germany, and Europe extra extensively, after the death of the Nazi racial country? This e-book investigates the afterlife of "race" for the reason that 1945 and demanding situations the long-dominant assumption between historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the 3rd Reich and its genocidal eu empire. Drawing on case reports of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the 3 most crucial minority groups in postwar Germany---the authors element continuities and alter around the 1945 divide and provide the beginnings of a background of race and racialization after Hitler. a last bankruptcy strikes past the German context to contemplate the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, the place waves of postwar, postcolonial, and exertions migration bothered nativist notions of nationwide and eu identity.After the Nazi Racial kingdom poses interpretative questions for the ancient figuring out of postwar societies and democratic transformation, either in Germany and all through Europe. It elucidates key analytical different types, historicizes present discourse, and demonstrates how modern debates approximately immigration and integration---and approximately simply how a lot "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in an extended heritage of "race." This ebook explores why the concept that of "race" grew to become taboo as a device for figuring out German society after 1945. so much crucially, it indicates the social and epistemic results of this decided retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole.Rita Chin is affiliate Professor of background on the college of Michigan.Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential examine Professor at Northern Illinois University.Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt unusual college Professor of up to date heritage on the collage of Michigan.Atina Grossmann is Professor of historical past at Cooper Union.Cover representation: Human eye, ©

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Extra info for After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)

Example text

Military toward its minorities and the tense relations among occupation soldiers of differing ethnicities—affected the ways Germans perceived and received American political and social values after 1945. Although the American Military Government in Germany put a good deal of emphasis on of‹cial efforts to denazify and reeducate the German public, “race” barely ‹gured in formal reeducation programs (beyond the legal language against discrimination that ultimately entered West Germany’s Grundgesetz in 1949).

While Kirchner and Sieg detected a tendency for hotheadedness, impulsiveness, and disobedience among Black German children, they also declared that these supposedly inherited racial qualities could be tempered by the proper positive in›uences of attentive mothers, childhood friendships, and a well-disposed public. ” In sum, of‹cial surveys and anthropological studies of “Mischlingskinder” of the 1950s articulated a revised taxonomy of race that would spur new social policy initiatives. In the process, West German of‹cial, academic, and media reports constructed a unitary origin for black occupation children.

Military occupation between 1945 and 1949 produced some 94,000 occupation children. However, of‹cial and public attention ‹xed on a small subset, the socalled “farbige Mischlinge” or “colored mixed-bloods,” distinguished from the others by their black paternity. Although they constituted a small minority of postwar German births—numbering only about 3,000 in 1950 and nearly double that by 1955—West German federal and state of‹cials, youth welfare workers, and the press invested the children with considerable symbolic signi‹cance.

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