Download An introduction to Husserlian phenomenology by Rudolf Bernet PDF

By Rudolf Bernet

This finished learn of Husserl's phenomenology concentrates on Husserl's emphasis at the idea of data. The authors increase a man-made evaluate of phenomenology and its relation to common sense, arithmetic, the normal and human sciences, and philosophy. the result's an instance of philology at its top, heading off technical language and making Husserl's suggestion obtainable to numerous readers.

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By continually reflectively altering its identity, consciousness is able to occupy the middle ground between being and non-being. This enables consciousness to constantly become without actually becoming anything. Sartre’s Existential Ontology 19 The consciousness of pure reflection also explicitly understands that its judgements are not necessarily valid beyond their current application. In other words, when the consciousness of pure reflection expresses an opinion, it explicitly understands that this opinion is only valid for its immediate activity; it does not establish a timeless, ahistoric truth (NE: 507).

Nothing is given to it in terms of absolute, moral values or meaning; consciousness must perpetually make its own moral world. Consciousness may not understand this or may understand it and flee from its freedom, but, for Sartre, this is still consciousness’s choice (EH: 48). Failure to reflectively choose its values means that consciousness exists in the ‘spirit of seriousness’ (BN: 646). The consciousness of the spirit of seriousness ‘considers values as transcendent givens independent of human subjectivity, and it transfers the quality of “desirable” from the ontological structure of things to their simple material constitution’ (BN: 646).

Understanding the way Sartre conceptualizes consciousness’s relation to facticity is crucial to understanding the role objectivity plays in Sartre’s thought. However, Sartre’s analysis of consciousness’s relation to objectivity is complex. While he holds that consciousness’s ontological structure is defined by its ontological opposition to all forms of objectivity, Sartre notes that consciousness’s actual existence is shaped by its objective facticity. This ensures that to understand a particular consciousness’s actual mode of being, it is necessary to understand its facticity and how consciousness reflectively lives it.

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